These are some of the steps on how to manage your diabetes.
If you or a family member or friend have diabetes, you might think that there are certain foods you or that person can’t eat or you or that person can’t enjoy social events in the same way as others who don’t have diabetes.
It doesn’t have to be that way; with this information you will learn how to make changes to your choice of food, eating habits and cooking.
And this will help enhance your health and manage your diabetes effectively.
There are two main types of diabetes;
Type 1 or Insulin dependent- How to manage your diabetes
This diabetes develops when the body stops creating insulin due to the destruction of the cells that make it in the pancreas.
It usually appears before the age 40 and is treated by insulin injections and diet. Although it’s not common.
Insulin- an hormone that controls the level of glucose in the blood.
Type 2 or non-insulin dependent- How to manage your diabetes
This diabetes is the most common type. It develops when the body can still produce insulin, but not enough for its needs or when the insulin produced does not do its work properly.
It usually appears in people over the age 40 and may be treated by diet alone or by diet in conjunction with insulin injections or tablets. Overweight people are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes and at least 80% of people diagnosed with Type 2 have overweight challenge.
As a person with any of these type of diabetes, these are some guidelines on how to manage your diabetes
1. Have a regular meal throughout the day and base your meals on starchy food like rice, cereals, potatoes, bread. If your weight is at a healthy level, this will help keep your blood glucose level stable.
When taking all these listed food, always try not to add salt to your food- you can use mild flavorings like herbs and spices.
And if you’re buying bread or canned foods, look for reduced- sodium(salt) foods and also avoid too many salted snacks such as crisps and nuts.
2. Eat more fruit, vegetables and pulses everyday and this will help lower the glycaemic index of your diet, as well as balance your meals and provide you with a source of antioxidant vitamin and minerals.
It will also help you shift the balance of what you eat if you are trying to lose weight.
You can eat the same volume of food each day as you do already following diabetic eating guidelines but make sure you eat more of fruit and vegetable, and you will end up eating a much healthier diet.
Five main food groups required for a balanced diet on how to manage your diabetes
Carbohydrate foods- Bread, cereals, potatoes, whole grain cereals, rice, pasta etc. This should form the largest portion of your diet.
Fruit and Vegetables- strawberries, plantain, broccoli, carrot, date, tomatoes, spring onion etc. This should be the second largest portion.
Milk and Dairy foods- Cheese, fresh and plain yoghurt,fresh and homemade milk etc. This should consist of the third largest portion.
Protein foods- Meat, fish, almond, soy bean, tofu, salmons, red bean etc. This should be the second smallest portion of your portion and you should take lean meats and poultry or fish and pulses.
Fats and oils foods- Jellies, jam, honey, gummies, mash mallow, olive fruits etc. These should make up the smallest portion of your diet; always try and avoid fatty and sugary foods whenever possible.
With all these information, I hope I can help you learnt on how to manage your diabetes. Stay safe. Thank you.